Bugatti EB110: A Classic Icon of Innovation and Power

The Bugatti EB110 is a super sports car that left an indelible mark on the history of motoring. Produced by Bugatti Automobili S.p.A. in the 1990s, this car not only represented a renaissance for the iconic Bugatti brand, but also set new standards in the supercar industry. The EB110 was unveiled on September 15, 1991 at Versailles, in front of the Arc de la Défense in Paris, exactly 110 years after the birth of Ettore Bugatti, which inspired its name. Below, we explore in detail the history, design and technical specifications of this legendary automobile.

Foto: ©Bugatti

A Renaissance Under the Vision of Romano Artioli

In the mid-1980s, car collector Romano Artioli dreamed of creating the best sports car in the world, one that combined elegance and speed. No existing model met his expectations, which led him to revive the legendary Bugatti brand, which had been dormant for 30 years. In 1987, Artioli acquired the rights to the company and became president of Bugatti Automobili S.p.A. That same year, he established a new factory in Campogalliano, Italy, in the Emilia-Romagna region near Modena, an area known for being the birthplace of Italian sports brands such as De Tomaso, Ferrari, Maserati and Lamborghini.

Design and Production: Innovation and Craftsmanship

The development of the Bugatti EB110 was an ambitious project that spared no expense. True to Ettore Bugatti’s motto of always seeking the best, the engineers created a lightweight monocoque weighing only 125 kg (276 pounds), built in carbon fiber by the French aerospace company Aérospatiale. The body used a combination of aluminum, carbon fiber, aramid fiber and fiber-reinforced plastics. The wheels were cast magnesium and every screw and bolt was made of titanium.

The heart of the EB110 was a 3.5-liter V12 engine with four turbochargers. This engine, with twin overhead camshafts per cylinder bank and five valves per cylinder, generated between 560 and 612 hp (552 and 604 HP), depending on the model. Power was distributed to all four wheels through a six-speed manual transmission, equipped with a limited slip differential at the rear and a torque distribution of 27:73 percent.

Foto: ©Bugatti

Achievements and Recognitions

The Bugatti EB110 was not only an impressive supercar in terms of design and performance, but also set several world records. These include the fastest acceleration, the fastest series-production sports car, the fastest gasoline-powered sports car and the fastest series-production car on ice.

The Bugatti EB110 on the Supercars Market

The launch of the EB110 marked a milestone in Bugatti’s history, putting it back on the map of high-end supercars. In a market dominated by brands such as Ferrari and Lamborghini, the EB110 stood out for its advanced technology and innovative design. However, despite its technical success, the supercar market experienced a recession in the mid-1990s, which affected Bugatti Automobili S.p.A.’s sales and financial viability.

Foto: ©Bugatti

Bankruptcy and Resurgence

The economic crisis and recession in the supercar market led Romano Artioli to invest in the Lotus car company, resulting in high liabilities and the inability to pay suppliers. In 1995, production at Campogalliano stopped, and only approximately 128 vehicles were produced, of which 96 were EB110 GT and 32 EB110 Super Sport. After two years, the bankruptcy process was concluded in September 1997.

However, the Bugatti legend did not end there. In 1998, the Volkswagen Group acquired the rights to the brand and helped restart the company, moving it back to Molsheim, where Ettore Bugatti had built his first car under his own name.

Bugatti EB110 Super Sport

In 1992, the EB110 SS (Super Sport) version was introduced, an improved and lighter version of the standard EB110. Equipped with the same V12 engine, but boosted to 612 hp (604 HP), the EB110 SS could reach a top speed of 348 km/h (216 mph) and accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in just 3.2 seconds. This model represented the pinnacle of Bugatti’s engineering and design during that era.

Technical Specifications

The Bugatti EB110 was characterized by its V12 engine with Bugatti-Weber multipoint fuel injection and four IHI turbochargers at a pressure of 1.2 bar (17.1 psi) with two intercoolers. Distribution was by means of double overhead camshafts and five valves per cylinder, with a bore per stroke of 81 x 56.6 mm and a compression ratio of 8.0:1.

Foto: ©Bugatti

The technical specifications of the EB110 GT and EB110 SS are impressive:

EB110 GT:

  • Maximum power: 560 hp (552 HP) at 8000 rpm.
  • Maximum torque: 611 N-m (451 lb-ft) at 3750 rpm.
  • Top speed: 209 mph (336 km/h).
  • Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph): 3.6 seconds.

EB110 SS:

  • Maximum power: 612 hp (604 HP) at 8250 rpm.
  • Maximum torque: 650 N-m (479 lb-ft) at 4200 rpm.
  • Top speed: 348 km/h (216 mph).
  • Acceleration 0-60 mph

Conclusion

The Bugatti EB110 is more than just a car; it is a living legend that represents the culmination of automotive engineering and the passionate vision of reviving a historic marque. With its innovative design, advanced technical specifications and world records, the EB110 cemented its place in automotive history. Although production was limited and the company faced financial difficulties, the legacy of the Bugatti EB110 endures as a symbol of excellence and sophistication in the world of supercars.

The Bugatti EB110 remains a coveted piece for collectors and classic car enthusiasts. This “classic Bugatti” and “vintage Bugatti” not only revives the heritage of Ettore Bugatti, but also sets a benchmark standard for future Bugatti models. With the backing of the Volkswagen Group, Bugatti has continued its legacy with iconic models such as the Veyron and the Chiron, but we will always remember the EB110 as the vehicle that marked the rebirth of one of the most prestigious brands in the automotive world.

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